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 Functional Importance of Wetlands

Wetland functions are physical, chemical, and biological processes or attributes that are vital to the wetland system. Wetlands are transitory zones between different aquatic zones and therefore, wetlands have a profound biological impact. Wetlands function as an export for organic materials and as a sort of sinkhole for inorganic materials.

Wetlands also provide habitats for several types of organisms. They might contain the last of a rare species or an endangered species.

Wetland systems also can absorb a large amount of water. This allows them to protect shorelines, help to remove pollutants, prevent floods, and this is why they are known as the "kidneys of the landscape."